ADS Eastern



Kitui County

Kitui County covers approximately 30,520 square kilometers and community that mainly live in this region are Kamba.  Other communities who live in the county in small numbers include Ameru, Tharaka, Aembu, Kikuyu and Somali, who primarily do business or are in formal employment.  The county has a population of approximately 1,012,709.


Climatic Condition

Kitui County has four ecological zones all depicting arid and semi-arid conditions; the semi-Arid farming zone, semi-arid ranching areas, arid-agro-pastoral area and arid-pastoral zone. The climatic condition varies across the county in terms of rainfall and temperature. The County experiences bi-modal reainfall, both of which are very erratic and unreliable between 300mm-1050 mm.

The climate of the Kitui County is hot and dry with unreliable rainfall. The climate falls under two climatic zones i.e., arid and semi-arid with most of the County being classified as arid. The County experiences high temperatures throughout the year, ranging from 14°C to 34°C. The hot months are between September and October to January and February. The maximum mean annual temperature ranges between 26°C and 34°C whereas the minimum mean annual temperature ranges between 14°C and 22°C. July is the coldest month with temperatures falling to a low of 14°C while the month of September is normally the hottest with temperature rising to a high of 34°C.

The rainfall pattern is bi-modal with two rainy seasons annually. The long rains fall in the months of March to May. These are usually very erratic and unreliable. The short rains which form the second rainy season fall between October and December and are more reliable. The rest of the year is dry and the annual rainfall ranges between 250mm-1050 mm per annum with 40% reliability for the long rains and 66% reliability for the short rains. Rainfall is highly unpredictable from year to year.


Agro-Economic Activities

The average land size for small scale farmers is 4.38 ha and large scale is 50ha. About 87.3% of the households are engaged in agricultural activities. The main crops produced are maize, green grams, beans, cowpeas, peas, millet, and sorghum.

Livestock farming is also an important economic activity in the County. The main livestock breeds kept are Cattle (Zebu, Boran, Sahiwal, Freshian, and Ayrshire), Goat (East African, Galla, Torgenberg) and Sheep (Black headed, Passion, Red Masai).






Scroll to top