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Machakos County

Machakos County covers approximately 6,208 square kilometers and community that mainly live in this region are Kamba, with a total population of approximately 1,098,584 and 264,500 households.  The population density is 177 persons per square kilometer.


Climatic Condition

The prevailing local climate of Machakos County is semi-arid and the landscape is hilly, rising from an altitude of 1,000 to 1,600 metres above sea level. The County experiences bi-modal rainfall which are erratic and unpredictable, and ranges between 500mm to 1,300mm annually.  There are two rainy seasons this region, the long one starting at the end of March and continues to May, while the short rains season starts at the end of October and lasts till December.

There are significant regional and seasonal variations within the county and rainfall reliability is quite low. The high altitude areas of Matungulu, Kangundo, Kathiani, Central and Mwala divisions receive slightly higher rainfall than the low land areas.
The mean monthly temperatures vary between 180C and 250C. The coldest month is usually July while October and March are the hottest months. The highland areas which receive higher rainfall are more suitable for rain-fed agriculture than the lowland areas, while the plains support ranching.


Agro-Economic Activities

Subsistence agriculture is mostly practiced with maize and drought-resistant crops such as sorghum, millet, cassava, pigeon peas and sweet potatoes being grown due to the areas semi-arid state. Most of what is produced is majorly used as own food in the household and the few that remains is sold to supplement the income and food intake.  The county also plays host to the open air market concept with major market days where farm produce are traded. Fruits, vegetables and other food stuffs like maize and beans are sold in these markets.






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